Eum and Yang are opposites. Part of Eum is in Yang, part of Yang is in Eum. Eum and Yang are interdependent. Eum and Yang consume and support each other.
This proposal recognises the interdependency, and interconnectedness of the urban fabric and the natural systems as well as the necessity of developing a relationship where both elements consume and support each other in ways that are sustainable and sustaining.
The human economy and the environmental economy are ultimately one and the same. We do not, because we cannot, distinguish between the natural and built environments.
From its inception, the key objective is to ensure that all aspects of consumption are balanced by production in a cradle-to-cradle economy that rejects the concept of ‘waste’.
The close proximity between natural systems and urban systems allow the city to be a testbed for these ideas.
In the New City, mass transit systems generate a compact linear form that minimises the city’s physical footprint, maximises the city/country edge ratio, and promotes increased service efﬁciencies.
These are firstly, ‘The SuperConnector’, a subterranean, high-speed, maglev transit system with thirteen transit nodes. Completing the circuit in 30 minutes, no two nodes are more than 15 minutes apart.
And secondly, ‘The Circulator’, an at-grade, high- frequency, ‘on-off’ people mover links ‘SuperConnector’ nodes. It is integrated with vehicular, cycleway and pedestrian paths. Nowhere in the city is more than a 10-minute walk from The Circulator.
The hyperconnectivity provided by the New City’s transit infrastructure generates a new kind of urban space where physical separation does not imply social or psychological separation.
It minimises travel times, facilitates navigability, and provides a sense of connection between everywhere in the city. Nowhere is “too far”.
This is a solution to the esssential conundrum of the contemporary city, where access to its vast range of opportunities is frustrated by the tyranny of traffic congestion and distance.
Korea’s New City is an opportunity to harness the inherent efficiencies of a looped linear system and to generate a vibrant, dense urban fabric within a few minutes’ walk of open country.
The design received 2008 Australian Institute of Landscape Architects Award, Planning Category.